A great business opportunity for people looking
to breed with fish
Tilapia Fish Farming
Tilapia Fish Farming - The Basics
Farming has seen quite a growth spurt during the last few
years. This can be contributed to Tilapia fish beingwell-suited for farming on a
small-scale. Tilapia fish is very easy to grow, and it does not
require the same intensive care asother fish species. America is the foremost
importer of tilapia fish, and tilapia falls just behind the
importing of salmon andshrimp.
originated primarily in Egypt, but it is not one specific fish
breed. It has been part of Egyptian diet for more than3,000 years. Having a buttery
flavor, they are a firm favorite with many fish eaters. They
are low in calories, fat andcarbohydrates while being high in protein and
Tilapia consists of almost 100
breeds, and they are extremely suited for small-scale farming,
even for those who want tobreed for a hobby.
Red and black tilapia are favored by breeders, mostly because
of their rich colors. These fish are not verybig, being about 1 to 2 pounds in
weight, but what makes them so effective is their growth rate.
Tilapia can be marketedwithin 6 to 12 months after being spawned.
With the correct conditions, these fish can be intensively bred
with up to 10 fullygrown
fish per cubic feet of water.
Tilapia is so effective at
breeding that some larger operations use hormones to determine
the sex of the fingerlings. Amating pair can produce up to 100 fingerlings
per week. This can quickly lead to overpopulation since young
females are ableto breed
their own young three months before being markable size.
Breeding mostly young males lessens this. It has alsobeen found that males grow up to
40% faster than females, reaching market size quicker.
For small-size of hobby breedersthis should, however not be a big problem.
Most breeders keep a breeding pair in a separate aquarium and
to a larger pond as they are spawned to grow to market
are omnivorous and they eat a wide range of foods. Food range
from algae, plankton, benthic organisms, detritusand other decomposing organic
material. Lots of commercial feeds are available, but some
breeders prefer to mix their ownfeeds. For the beginner or hobbyist, the
commercial feeds will probably yield the best
Tilapia can be
kept in almost any type of tank. They are quite resistant to
fluctuations in water temperature, but preferwarmer water. Keeping the water
between 75 and 90 degrees Fahrenheit will improve breeding.
Tilapia is very effective attolerating levels of dissolved oxygen at
lower than 0.5 mg/l. Most fish species would die, but for
breeding it is better to keepthe oxygen levels as high as possible. As the
number of fish grows towards 10 fish per cubic meter, attention
should begiven to
oxygenating the water. Care should be taken not to have
more than 10 market size fish per cubic meter of
water filtration system is also important to remove ammonia,
nitrate and nitrite buildup. This can easily beachieved by building a simple
aguaponics system that helps break down fish manure. Lots of
information is available on howto build one of these. Some breeders even
turn this into a second source of income by selling the fish
manure as fertilizer.
fish farming is very scalable and this makes it a great
operation to start with. Keeping fish in ponds offer thecheapest route to start farming.
As production grows, the breeder can upgrade to more expensive
raceways and tanks.